Seldom do we find small towns in the early 1900's that owe their existence to both coal mining and the logging/lumber business. Such was the case for Fairfax located along the Carbon River. The community of Fairfax maintained a school, hotel, railroad terminal and other commercial establishments that served both the Manley-Moore Lumber Co. and Fairfax coal mines. Today, you'll still be able to find historical remnants of the now ghost town of Fairfax and then just upstream, a street named after Manley-Moore - making it's old plant site easy to locate.
As noted in a prior post, the Manley-Moore mill was sizable for its time. Following is another photo that further reinforces how large the mill became.
Photo courtesy Washington State Historical Society, 2017.33.22, circa 1914
I do wonder how putting a mill and mine and town in this location could survive given how frequently the Carbon River flooded. I think that I could throw a rock from the remains of the schoolhouse at Fairfax to the river. Following is a bird's eye view of the town of Fairfax with schoolhouse very noticeable on the left surrounded by a fence.
Photo courtesy Washington State Historical Society, 2017.1.47
You can also see some of the coal mine top works and bee-hive ovens along the bottom of the photo. Following is a closer view of the mine facilities.
Image courtesy The Coal Fields of Pierce County, Washington Geological Survey Bulletin No. 10, circa 1914
This is one of the ghost towns and former mill sites that is a whole lot of fun to visit. You will find directions in my earlier post Exploring the Ghost Town of Fairfax. Enjoy.